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When you start investigating the historical roots of Armenia's aggressive and predatory war against Azerbaijan, certain aspects of Armenian history must be taken into account. This aggressive policy arose from the kernel of Armenian history. Therefore, when the favorable historical pre-conditions occurred for international and internal political change, Armenians made every effort for the implementation of their treacherous intentions. The occurrence of the so-called Armenian problem was not fortuitous. With regard to the Armenia- Azerbaijan conflict it is necessary to consider this problem in a new way. As the "Karabakh problem" must be considered a part of the Armenian problem. And the "Armenian problem" is a part of the Eastern problem. At the end of the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century a lot of research was devoted to this problem. The article written by the historian V. Gurko-Kryajinin for the Soviet Encyclopedia that was published in 1926 is one of such works. At the end of the article the author was hopeful by writing "… the most conscientious among the Armenian migrants change their views and say no to the past. They realize their mistakes and return home. After the Soviet coup d'etat the Dashnaktucun completely ceased to exist". But the historian was deceived.
This is why we have decided to begin writing this article. In the following documents, we will provide a comprehensive analysis, new facts and historical documents concerning the Armenian problem.
The Armenian problem is a part of the so-called Eastern problem and it is absolutely necessary to consider it from two points of view. Externally, in order to ensure an easier exploitation of Turkish resources, the great powers attempted to strengthen Turkey's centrifugal forces and by doing so, to weaken the country. Internally, Armenian bourgeoisie led Armenians to struggle for the achievement of the national independence and for ensuring a political and economical background, that would allow the bourgeoisie to develop easily.
The Armenian problem rose early in the 18th century when the financial aristocracy of Constantinople stood at the head of the Armenian nation.
The Armenians settled in the Minor Asian part of Turkey in the early periods brought up the trade bourgeoisie. That bourgeoisie played an important role in the live of Turkish economics - lending the money to the government, provinces' governors it became an owner of the properties and etc.
At the same time it with the help of clergymen controlled all spheres of the Armenian national life. The clergymen themselves had a great power. After Constantinople's conquest (1453) at the head of the Armenians community was the council of Notabl (consisted from the representatives of the financial aristocracy) organized on the edict of the Turks during the Constantinople's patriarchy, the council practically was at the head of the Armenian nation. The important role in the development of the Armenians bourgeoisie in Turkey played the relations with the Armenians merchants lived in Syria, Lebanon and also in America and the flow of the foreign capital. It is significant that the Armenians skilled workmen (handicraftsmen), divided into several classes which were really the numerous one together with the Greeks played the prevalent role in the Turkish handicraft industry.
It is quite evidence that during the attack of the Western capitalism over the Near East the Western countries wanted to use for this purpose the Armenian bourgeoisie. But because of being under the power of this bourgeoisie, being under the political submission its economical development was limited in enormous extent - that's why it supported all attempts, directed to the destruction of the natural economy and the internal insularity of Turkey. The Western capital, passing the Turkish ruling circles and related with them the Armenian financial bourgeoisie made an attempt to use for its goals achievement the clergymen (consisted from the Armenian Catholics and Armenian Protestants); when those attempts didn't give an expected result the Western capital came to a conclusion to use the middle bourgeoisie as its economical mean: this fact became a reason of this bourgeoisie strengthening and gave a stimulus for the development of the national movement.
Intellectuals joined to the intellectual's movement especially in Moscow and Tiflis. In the 70s in those cities, which turned into the centers of the "Armenian liberalism" not only among the Russians but also among the Turkish Armenians propaganda of the "National self-affirmation" and even of the military chauvinism carried on with the help of the press and orally. It is reasonable that the first steps of the middle Armenian bourgeoisie in the way, directed to their self-affirmation led to the limitation of the ecclesiastics' power: they relied on the city craftsmen began the struggle, directed to the weakening of the churches and Constantinople's patriarchy role. The struggle successfully came to the end: the middle bourgeoisie found its own place among the financial bourgeoisie and the ecclesiastics in the organizations established in the centers of patriarchate and churches named the "Armenians representation". That representation was engaged in financial, justice and enlightenment affairs.
First the village masses remained aloof from the National movement…
As the second reason for the expanded antagonism such factor could be considered that under the Turkish circumstances the Armenian urban bourgeoisie conducted themselves toward the backward Moslem masses as the representatives of the rapacious, usurious capital. Thus, exceptionally increased on the economic basis the Armenian problem because of the fatal interference of the "Great Powers" - Russia and England in the end became complicated. Russian trade-industrial capital using the slogan "the struggle, directed to the liberation of the Christians from the Moslem pressure" made attempts to capture the Black Sea, Bosporus, Dardanelles regions; in order to solve the problem of the national-political independence, believing in this slogan the most part of Armenian bourgeoisie not only took themselves the Russian direction, but also carried on propaganda to take this direction among the Turkish Armenians. That position sharply changed the Turkish government attitude to the Armenians bourgeoisie, whereas before the war in 1877 the government not only pursued, but to the contrary set up the necessary conditions in order the noble Armenians were be able to take up high posts. Sending by the Russian Armenians a letter to the governor in the Caucasus Grand Duke Michail Nikolayevich during the discussions of the peace conditions and an official appealing of the Turkish Armenians headed by patriarch Nerses - their wish to receive a help from Russia more strained those relations. Russia using this appeal put the 16th paragraph into the first San-Stephan peace agreement. According to the paragraph Turkey had to carry out immediately the necessary reforms in the Armenian regions, connecting to this the Russian forces went on with keeping in their hands the territories occupied by them in Asian part of Turkey.
The attempt of the Tsarist Russia «to strengthen the positions in the mountainous regions of Armenian settlement under its guardianship' had been repulsed by England, its main opponent in the Near East. England succeeded to replace the 16th paragraph by new one (Berlin Treaty, article 61) at Berlin Congress. This article acknowledged that Turkish government had to carry out necessary reforms in provinces of Armenian settlement. The control over the implementation of this decision had not been entrusted only to Russia, but the «unity' of 6 participant states of Berlin Congress.
The decisions of Berlin Congress gave hope to the Armenian bourgeoisie that they would get the required support from Russia and the great powers in the creation of the Armenian state. This dream had been incited by the English diplomacy, which assumed the plan of «the Great Armenia from the Sea to the Sea' (from the Black Sea and the Mediterranean). The change of the direction fully isolated Armenians from the international policy. The aim of England was to prevent Russia from making use of Armenians in the Near East policy. England did not need Armenians that time, for according to secret agreement concluded between England and Turkey, England should supply Turkey with the necessary protection from Russia and take Cyprus instead…
Armenian bourgeoisie decided to use the military way. They created nationalist parties of Gnchak and Dashnaksyutun in Transcaucasia, which sent propagandists and agitators to Turkey and organized rebellious groups with the aim to attract the attention of great states to Armenian events. Armenians lacked means for struggle against Turkey and thus they aimed those states to interfere and urge Turkey to meet its engagements in accordance with the article 61of Berlin Treaty; the existence of the article was forgotten. Foreign committees of the abovementioned parties carried out considerable operations in Western Europe to achieve something on this line. By late 90s of the 19th century Gnchak freed the square for Dashnaksyutun.
The policy of the rebellions tensed the situation. Only in collapsing of the plan to legalize their rule in Egypt with Sultan Abdulhamid England turned to Armenians with purpose to threaten him.
England could not make decisive movement for Russia claimed that it would not allow any state to make a free step. Russia on one hand ruled the policy of russianing in the Transcaucasia; it was against the creation in Asia of the territory fully disposable for Armenians. On the other hand its plans concerning Bulgaria had been defeated; Bulgaria did not wish to be the vassal of Russia. Russia's next step was to inform Bulgaria in the person of prince Lobanov-Rosmovski that it would not allow to create «different Bulgaria'. Germany was interested in receiving the concession on Bagdad way and in the person of Wilhelm II notified that it approved the policy of Abdulhamid on «criminal citizen'.
Stratification of national Armenian bourgeoisie in 90s of the 19th century made Dashnaksyutun to change its policy. It tried to create the relations with All-Turkey Revolutionary Movement and concluded an agreement with young Turks. Thus all the oppositional parties of Osmanli empire held Congress in Paris in 1907 and worked out the plan of.
The outcome of the coup d'etat carried out in 1908 was not expected. New regime did not improve their positions. The government of new Turks satisfied with light penalty of the guilty. The Armenians again directed their policy towards Russia. The I World War approached. The Armenians , as to Milyukov, that «settled at the crossroad of Russia and Turkey' gained political importance. In 1913 Russian diplomats concluded an agreement with organized Armenian bourgeoisie and «in the protection of oppressed Armenians' demanded to carry out reforms in eastern provinces. On the 26th of January of 1914 supported by Germany Turkish government was obliged to sign the agreements on the reforms. The agreement gave Armenians the self-government in ruling, language, military service and other spheres under the supervision of the state and Russia.
Russia's interference improved the position of Armenians during the I World War, started immediately after the signing of the agreement. The Armenians revived the slogan of «Great Armenia' as soon as the war started and created the group of volunteers generally composed of deserter Armenians of Turkey.
The revolution of February of 1917 threw new light on Armenian matter. Transcaucasia, ruled by the Special Committee of Transcaucasia during a year kept the relation with Russia.
Armenian national congress gathered in October of 1917 under the leadership of dashnaks. The congress approved the relation of Armenia with other part of Russia. Turkey proposed Russia to retain the territories of Armenia occupied by it during the I World War. Congress chose the «national armenian centre' located in Tiflis and the National Board composed of 15 members.
Destruction of the central states created new conditions to Armenian bourgeoisie. The situation after the war urged the winners to use Armenians as bearing against Turkey (in Kilikiya) and Russia (in Transcaucasia). Armenian matter gained much importance. Thus «the winners' first of all aimed to form their own «armenian base' against «Soviet'danger.
The Republic of Dashnak Armenia got back the province of Kars and Iravan government which widened the area of Armenia to 17 500 square English miles and increased its population to 1 510 000 men (795 000 of the population were Armenians, 575 000 were Moslems, 140 000 were from other nations). In addition to all the abovementioned, Dashnaks expressed their wish to own the territories of Ahkalkalaki and Borchali of Georgia, also Karabakh, Nakhcivan and southern part of Yelizavetpol government of Azerbaijan. The attempts to realize the plan by force brought to the war with Georgia in December 1918 (the period of invasion of Transcaucasia by the English) and long bloody war with Azerbaijan. The population in the arguable territories decreased by 10-30%; several settlements had been destroyed by Armenians.
Conclusion of an agreement with Iran in 1919 and invasion of Konstantinopol on March 16th 1920 strengthened the position of England in the Near East and at the end of 1919 they left Transcaucasia. Thus at the conference in San-Remo in April-May 1920 the matter of Armenians had been delivered for consideration to the imperialisms of the Western Europe and the Northern America.
One of the two "Armenian bases" had been liquidated. The matter of Armenians had been focused in Transcaucasia. The dashnaks still continued to implement their pugnacious policy of nationalism. After the border of the Soviet Russia had been determined in the north of Armenia, they faced with more difficulties. Starving and beggaring people of Armenia couldn't stand against dashnak terrorist regime, endless wars and robberies and blindly rushed towards the Soviet ruling. Within 3 days since the Soviet government had been established in Baku, rebellions shrouded Armenia (for several hours the Soviet government dominated in Alexadropol). All the rebellions had been suppressed by the dashnaks. The friendship relations began from 1920 between Russia and Ankara put Armenia as an obstacle on their way.
The government of Ankara focused its attention on Greek-English struggle in the west. Armenia tried to use this situation and to protect itself from Turkey, as the Soviet Russia avoided collision. The government of Iravan agreed with delivery of Karabakh, Nakhchivan and other territories tending to the Soviet Federation (June of 1920) and secretly ordered dashnak leaders to start partisan actions in the mentioned territories. Those actions started in September of 1920. Dashnaks supplied with weapons from the English executed mass abolishment of the Moslems in the province of Kars and of Iravan; they burnt the regions of Shuragol, Sherur-Dereleyez, Kagizman, Surmeli, Karakum and Sarigamish. Relying on the chief of Maku, they started to attack Olmuya and Kagizman.
Soviet government is established in Armenia in 1920. The Alexandropol agreement was liquidated by the agreement between Russia and Turkey signed in 1921. The border lines between Turkey and Armenia determined alike today.
The matter of Armenia might be considered settled since the establishment of new Armenian state system. After creation of the Soviet Armenia, the imperialists of the Western Europe tried another attempt to speculate Armenian problem in the conference of Lausanne; they suggested the project of creating «Armenian Center', for support of «national minorities' to organize special organ in Konstantinopol under the support of the UN. The aim was to make Turkey to compromise in the solution of the problem of Mosul and thus the project had soon been liquidated as soon as the aim achieved.
The real support to Armenia was made by the soviet Russia. On January 27th of 1923 Chicherin stated in his letter to the conference of Lausanne, that the governments of Russia and Ukrain intended to place majority of Armenian refugees in their lands and added that he problem of Armenia could not found its adequate solution for Soviet representatives were kept away from in the period of the discussions. This letter caused great reflection by Armenians abroad. Many of charity societies and parties expressed their gratitude to the soviet government and suggested their plans on realization of Russia's proposition.
The crush of the program «Great Armenia', many economical and cultural measures taken in the Soviet Armenia caused the changes in the political parties. The party of Armenian bourgeoisie and the intellectuals, i.e. the liberal-democrats (ramkavars) showed positive attitude towards the Soviet Armenia. Their "scouts" sent to Armenia reported them about peaceful construction plans of the Soviet government, after which the ramkavars expressed their sympathy to the Soviet Structure in their press. So did the party Gnchag.
Dashnaksutyun was the only party in the opposition to the Soviet Armenia. It still propagandized armed measures, partisan wars within the country. The next attempt made in February of 1921 by Vramsyan to carry out anti-revolutionary coup doomed to failure and caused short but bloody civil war in Armenia. The party of Dashnaksutyun has morally been degraded and exists now at the expense of means gathered in Europe and America (especially by the Committee of the Red Cross of the Dashnaks) for migration of the refugees to the Soviet Armenia. The most conscientious of Armenian migrants return to their land and admitted their guilt.
Dashnaksutyun is sentenced to collapse after the Soviet coup which threw new light upon Armenian problem.
Is translated from Great Soviet Encyclopedia published in 1928
in Moscow by "Great Soviet Encyclopedia" Joint Stock Company.
Armenian terrorist organizations
The names of Armenian terrorist organizations, which committed bloody acts in different parts of the world are as follows:
The Armenikan Party: was established in 1885, organized armed conflicts and terrorist acts in Istanbul and the Van, Mush, Bitlis, Trabzon regions, Turkey, cooperated with Armenians of Iran and Russia.
The Hnchak Party: was founded in Geneva in 1887. Its main purpose is to unify the Anadolu region, Turkey, the territories called "Russian" and "Iranian" Armenias by them and establish "Great Armenia". The 4th point of its program says that propaganda, agitation, terrorism methods should be chosen in order to achieve purpose put by.
The Dashnaksyutun Armenian Federative Revolution Party: was founded in Tbilisi in 1890. The goal of this party is to create "Great Armenia" in Daghlig Garabagh, Nakhichevan, Azerbaijan and Anadolu, Turkey. The Dashnaksyutun Party, held its first congress in Tbilisi in 1890, made the decision on organization acts against Turks. It gave the order "to kill Turk, Kurd and Armenian traitors who broke their word, avenge everywhere, in any situation!" There are some terrorist groups, founded by the Dashnaksyutun Party: TheAvengers of Armenian Genocide group, commenced activity in 1973, murdered Turkish diplomats in Austria, Denmark and Portugal in 1980-1982s; The DRO secret terrorist group and its divisions: DRO-8, DRO-88, DRO-888, DRO-8888. The Dashnaks's activity in this direction is still continuing.
The Armenian Secret Liberation Army (ASOA): was founded in Beirut in 1975. Its headquarters located in Damask and has more than thousand fighters, trained in the Palestinian bases. The organization carried out terrorist acts, leading to death of 19 Turkish diplomats in different states of the world, during its first 6 years activity.
The Armenian Secret Army for Liberty of Armenia (ASALA): the headquarters of the organization, founded in 1975, located in Beirut, while training bases in Syria. The purpose of this organization is to establish "Great Armenia" in Eastern Turkey, Northern Iran and in the southwestern territories of Azerbaijan (Nakhichevan and Daghlig Garabagh). The ASALA mainly carried out terrorist acts against citizens of Turkey and Azerbaijan. Akop Akopian, the leader of the ASALA, was one of the main persons, taken active part in cooperation of the organization with the terrorist groups like Abu Nidal, Black September. A.Akopian, undertaken responsibility of Turkish ambassador in Athena in 1980, said in interview, given to "New-York Times" on 01.08.1980: "Our enemies are the Turkish regime, NATO and Armenians who do not cooperate with us". The ASALA agreed with the PKK concerning joint terrorist acts in April of 1980 and made this intention official in Lebanon. The ASALA announced that it would not allow implementation of the "Turkish oil pipeline" project (Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan) in the declaration, sounded in Beirut on 28.08.1993.
The Geqaron: was founded by the ASALA in February, 2001 and aimed to committing of terrorist acts against political leaders, diplomats and businessmen of Turkish origin in the territory of the South Caucasus and Central Asia.
The Armenian Liberation Movement (AOD): was founded in France in 1991 and committed terrorist activity in cooperation with the ASALA.
The Armenian Liberation Front: is integral part of the ASALA, founded in 1979 and trained terrorists against Azerbaijan.
The Orli Group: was established by Armenian youth from France in 1981. The organization committed more than 10 terrorist acts in different airports of the world until 1987.
The Armenian Genocide Justice Commandoes: was founded in Vena during the congress of the Dashnaksyutun Party in 1972. Their goal is to assemble the Lebanon citizens of Armenian origin, organize bloody terrorist acts against Turkish and Azerbaijanis.
The Armenian Union: was established in Moscow in 1988 and maintains close relation with the ASALA. It provided the ASALA with forged passports to carry out terrorist activity in the former soviet territory and participated in conveying of arms and mercenaries to Daghlig Garabagh.
The Democratic Front: operates in the USA, Canada and Western Europe. Its goal is to collapse Turkish state.
Apostle: was founded by the Armenian Defence Union, consisted of the Armenia, Syria and Lebanon citizens on April 29, 2001. The goal of the organization is to commit terrorist acts in the territories of Turkey and Azerbaijan.
Terrorist acts committed in the territory of Azerbaijan
Terror war of Armenian terror organizations, operating in different states of the world under financial and organization support of Armenian government and diaspora, against Azerbaijan acquired systematically nature since 1980s. In order to spread mass panic and get serious human losses during occupation of Daghlig Garabagh and adjacent 7 regions Armenian special service bodies organized terror acts in living stations of Azerbaijan civilians, far from battle-front, as a result of this thousands of innocent people died.
September 16, 1989. The passenger bus, moving by the route "Tbilisi-Baku", was blown up, 5 people died, 25 were injured.
Fevruary 18, 1990. The bus, moving by the route "Yevlakh-Shusha" in 105 km of Yevlakh-Lachin road, was detonated, there were serious human loss.
July 11, 1990. The passenger bus "Tartar-Kalbadjar" was exploded, terror act was committed against car convoy of civilians, 14 people were killed, and 35 were injured.
August 10, 1990. The passenger bus, moving by the route "Tbilisi-Agdam" was blown up, 20 people died, 30 were injured. Organizers of the crime A.Avanesian and M.Tatevosian was brought to criminal responsibility.
On the same day the bus "LAZ" with the state license plate 43-80 AQF was exploded on the motor road "Shamkir-Gandja", near Nabel village, the Khanlar region, as a result of this 17 people died, 26 were injured.
November 30, 1990. The passenger bus was blasted near Khankandi airport, 2 people died, 11 were injured.
January 9, 1991. 4 people were killed in result of terror act, committed against Salatin Asgarova, the correspondent of newspaper "Molodoj Azerbaijana" (The youth of Azerbaijan), and 3 militants. The member of the terror group A.Mktchian, G.Petrosian, A.Mangasarian and G.Arustamian were brought to criminal responsibility.
May 30, 1991. The passenger train "Moscow-Baku" was exploded near Khasavyurd station, the Dagestan Republic, the Russian Federation, as a result of this 11 people died, 22 were injured.
June 19, 1991. The automobile "UAZ-469", belonging to the military unit 5459 in 106 km of the motor road "Yevlakh-Lachin", was blasted, 3 people died, 3 suffered serious injures.
July 31, 1991. The passenger train "Moskow-Baku" was exploded near Tamirtau station, the Dagestan Republic, as a result of this 16 people died, 20 were injured.
August 20, 1991. The automobile "QAZ-53" was blasted in Dolandar village, the Hadrut region, 4 people died, 8 were injured.
August 21, 1991. The bus "KAVZ" with the state license plate 70-30 AQO was exploded near Shadakht village, the Hadrut region, as a result of this 2 people died, 10 suffered serious injures.
September 8, 1991. The bus "Agdam-Khodjavand" was attacked, 5 people were killed, 34 got injures of different degree. It was proved that terror was committed by Khachaturian Volodi, Yeremian Saro, Chalian Sasha, Arustamian Armo. On the same day the bus, moving by the route "Agdam-Garadaghli" was fired on by Armenian gangsters, as a result of this 8 people died, 42 got injures of different degree.
Septemper 26, 1991. The automobile "VAZ-2106" with the state license plate D 72-07 AQ was exploded on motor road "Yevlakh-Lachin", 2 people died, 14 were injured.
October 19, 1991. The automobile "UAZ-469" was blasted near Sirkhavand village, the Agdara region, as a result of this 3 people died, 2 suffered serious injures.
November 20, 1991. 19 members of crew and passengers (Azerbaijan state and government representatives, observers from Russia and Kazakhstan) of the helicopter "MI-8" died in result of firing near Garakand village, the Khodjavand region.
December 26, 1991. Automobile "ZIL-130" and "Moskvich" were exploded in 4 km of motor road "Shusha-Lachin", as a result of this 5 people died, 4 were injured.
January 8, 1992. 45 people were killed, 88 were injured in result of terror act in the ferryboat, sailing by the route "Krasnovodsk-Baku".
January 28, 1992. The civil helicopter MI-8, flying by the route "Agdam-Shusha", was shaken down by Armenian terrorists near Shusha. 44 people, including women and children, died.
Armenian terrorists killed 80 people in Karkichan settlement in January 1992, 77 people - in Garadagli village, the Khodjavand region, in February 1992, and 613 civilians - Khodjali on February 26, 1992, while wounded 650 people.
March 22, 1992. The automobile "UAZ 469" with the state license plate 60-25 AZU was exploded in the territory of the Gazakh region, as a result of this 3 people died, 2 were injured.
March 28, 1992. The automobile "Kamaz-5410" with the state license plate 40-53 AQS was blasted, 3 people died, 2 were injured.
April 18, 1993. The automobile "Vaz" was subjected to armed attack in 10 km of motor road "Gazakh-Jafarli", as a result of this 2 persons were deadly injured.
May 20, 1992. The automobile "UAZ-469" with the state license plate 80-33 AQD was subjected to armed attack, 2 people died, 2 were injured.
February 28, 1993. Passenger train "Kislovodsk-Baku" was exploded near Gudermes station in the North Caucasus, Russia, 11 persons died, 18 were injured.
June 2, 1993. Great material damage was caused to state in result of the explosion of the passenger train in the Baku railway station. Actual doer of the crime Igor Khatkovski, the citizen of the Russian Federation, confessed that he was involved in secret cooperation and sent to Azerbaijan by colonel Jaan Ohanesian, the chief of the investigation department of the Central National Security Unit, with espionage and terror purpose. He was given instructions to organize explosions, causing serious human losses. It was proved that this group committed explosion series in the passenger trains, moving from the Russia Federation to Baku in 1992-1994.
July 22, 1993. . 5 persons died, 18 were injured in result of the explosion, set off in the Tartar region. On same day 6 people died, 10 were injured in result of the explosion, set off in the center of the Gazakh region.
August 30, 1993. The automobile "ZIL" was blasted in the Hadrut region, as a result of this 2 people died. Some days later the passenger bus "QAZ-66" with 12 villagers was exploded, as a result of this 4 persons died, 8 were serious injured.
February 1, 1994. Terror act was committed in the passenger train "Kislovodsk-Baku", 3 persons died, 20 were injured.
March 18, 1994. The "Hercules" type airplane, belonging to the Iranian Military Air Forces, was shaken down near Khankandi town, 34 diplomats and their family members died.
March 19, 1994. 14 people died, 49 were injured in result of the explosion, stirred up in the underground station "20 January". Court proved that the terror act was organized by the Armenian Special Service bodies and executed by separative Lazgi organization "Sadval". It was determined that these activists of the separative organization "Sadval" repeatedly visited Armenia since 1992 and took close part in the formation, financing and armament of its General National Security Unit. 30 Azerbaijan citizens of Lazgi nation got special terror-sabotage training in the base, located in Lusakart settlement, the Nairi region, Armenia. Investigation revealed that according to the instructions, saboteurs planned to set off explosions in the Nizami cinema, Republic Palace and Baku bulb plant along with the underground station "20 January". 30 sadvalists, accused in committing of the explosion in the underground station "20 January" and got special terror-sabotage training in Armenia, were brought to criminal responsibility.
April 13, 1994. The passenger train "Moscow-Baku" was exploded near station "Dagestanskiye ogni", the Dagestan Republic, 6 people died, 3 were injured.
July 3, 1994. 13 persons died, 42 got injures of different degree in result of the explosion between the stations "28 May" and "Gandjlik" of the Baku underground.
The terror act was committed by Aslanov Azar Salman oglu, the citizen of the Azerbaijan Republic, seized captive during battles for Daghlig Garabagh on Ianuary 13, 1994 and involved in secret cooperation by Armenian special service bodies. During juridical proceedings it was determined that writer Zori Balaian, the one of the Armenian separatists' ideologists, met with prisoner of war Azar Aslanov of Lazgi nationality and underlined importance of national minorities' joint activity against Azerbaijanis. Arthur, the worker of Armenian special service bodies, calling to his flat in Baku on June 9, 1994, told that A.Aslanov was alive and noted importance of one of his relatives' arrival in Yerevan for his releasing. Tadjibat Aslanova, the mother of A.Aslanov, arrived in Yerevan on June 16, 1994. A.Aslanov was told that his mother's life was in danger and he was involved in permanent cooperation with the Armenian special service bodies under the pseudonym "Omar-75". Forged documents were drawn up in his name, explosives were hidden in the coat, boxes of chocolate and deodorant to provide penetrating into Azerbaijan. A.Aslanov, arriving in Azerbaijan by the route "Yerevan-Mineralniye Vodi-Baku", committed terror act in the train, between stations "28 May" and "Gandjlik" of the Baku underground and returned to Armenia. His mother, held captive in Yerevan during this period, was released. During the investigation, carried out by the Supreme Court instances of the Azerbaijan Republic, it was revealed that instructors of the terror act were colonel Karen Bagdasarian and captain Seyran Sarkisian, the workers of the Armenian special service bodies. Involving, financial and technical support, in most cases direct participation of functionaries of the Daghlig Garabagh illegal regime, special service and other state bodies of the Armenian Republic were proved in the procedural order.
The world about Armenians
1. Armenians have excited bad thoughts since ancient time and there is no doubt that there have been a number of reasons for that, if not such thought would never have developed on the whole people and in different periods…
…only Armenians are able to cause a sensation by any reason. In case they are not allowed to any house, or their mean plans are revealed or their thieves are brought to trial they not only cause sensation themselves but also involve the most stupid and betraying people of other nations to this process.
Russian investigator V.L.Velichko. from the work "Caucasus"
2. "Armenians destroyed Georgian temples and monasteries, scraped Georgian scripts on the stones and removed the stone from the establishment and replace them with Armenian scripts.
Georgian writer and activist I.Chavchavadze
3. Do not allow the resettlement of Armenians to the Russian lands. They are such people that will declare Russia their native lands in ten years after having been settled.
From the letter of A.S.Griboyedov addressed to Russian emperor.
4. Armenia did not make any contribution to the world history, its name was the geographical term inhabited by Armenians and was the place of conflict settlement of strong states-Assyria, Midia, Iran, Greece, Mongolia and Russia.
P. Kerop Patkanov. Van inscriptions and their significance for the history of Minor Asia. 1981, pp. 36-37, imitated from the book of Magda Neyman "Armenia", 1899.
5. I have never managed to get to grips with them. Their cunning is too foul, meanness too unbearable and infamy too regretful.
French traveler Count De-Sholye
6. Armenians tried to suck blood of the local inhabitants. Not satisfied with that new arrived Armenians conducted the policy of spoiling the fame of the local Muslim population to further drive them out from the lands and settle in these regions.
Russian investigator V.L.Velichko. Russian affair and inter-tribe issues. Complete set of publicistic works. Volume 1 , 1904.
7. 1 million out of 1 million and 300 thousand of Armenians, residing in Transcaucasia were not aboriginal residents and they came there from our lands.
N.I.Shavrov. New challenges to Russian business in the Transcaucasus - upcoming sale of Mugan to aliens. S-Petersburg. 1911, p. 59-61.
8. That church was the nest of false money coiners for a definite period. I regard this monastery rather as a political center than a religious one.
French scientist de-Ban. On a visit to the Echmiadzin church.
9. Have you ever heard of the national hero of Armenia? Where was there struggle for freedom reflected? Nowhere! Their national heroes have rather been the executers of Armenian people than their liberators.
Memoirs of Russian diplomat general Mayevsky From the book "Mass bloodshed committed by Armenians".
10. The corpses of Muslim peasants stuck to bayonets, cut parts of body and disemboweled internals were scattered on the roads leading to the villages…There were of mainly women or children! Rulers and property owners arranged the murders and Armenian army committed them. Deep holes were dug and innocent people cut like animals were thrown into it one by one. Armenians responsible for murder filled a house with eighty Muslims and cut their heads off.
From the report of Colonel-lieutenant Gryaznov on Arzindjan bloodsheds of 1915.
11. Armenian executers killed Muslims with bayonets and axes in the areas surrounding Arzindjan on March 11-12. These barbarians mainly threw their victims to the holes dug for their ominous plans. My aide counted 200 of such ditches and the crimes were uncovered.
From the information of 1915 of Russian army general L.Odishe Litsenze.
12."High schools and even primary colleges in other words all Armenian schools of European capitals turned to the centers of the lively activity of Armenian propagandists. Patriotic praising poems and songs, sharp satire and fables became ingrained in the passionate souls of teen-agers from the teachers' environment and excited hatred towards unpleasant ruling of Muslims and the fantastic illusion about the future that is not known to anyone. Thus, within the shortest period of time (3-4 years) the arrogant and obstinate young generation was brought up prepared for bloody heroism for protection of the illusion created by them…"
Memories of Russian diplomat general Mayevsky. From the book "The Massacres conducted by Armenians".
13. The history of Karabakh dates back to the ancient times. This region is one of the historical lands of Azerbaijan. It is the important political, cultural and moral center of Azerbaijan…The defamed Karabakh problem was created by Armenians on the basis of false ideas.
Samuel A. Uims "The secrets of the terrorist Christian country of Armenia", series of Armenian trickeries, the first volume.
14. We are the witnesses of the Khodjaly tragedy. We saw the mutilated corpses of the Khodjaly defenders, innocent women, children and old people with our own eyes…As Armenians centered fire on us we were not able to finish the shooting. Yet all that we saw from the height was enough to imagine the committed barbarism. That was a picture of which one's hair stands on end. Armenians who killed with great cruelty 5-6 year old, infants and pregnant women could not be rivaled by anyone in the world".
The witness of Khodjaly tragedy French reporter Jean Iv Yunet.
15. …Most were taken refugees. However, they did not fit for living. In winter they were brought barefooted on snow. They poured cold water on the top of their heads, broke glass on them and then brought them back to the cells. The real tortures began only after that. They put their fingers between the door and broke them, in case the victim shouted they beat him with rubber truncheons. Most of them could not bear the tortures and became mad and died. I saw one Armenian taking a child and tearing him in two parts. Then he beat the child's mother's face and head with one part of the dead body so much that the woman, all stained with her child's red blood got mad and started to laugh.
"Московскийкомсомолец" newspaper. 29.01.1994 from the article "Oil syndrome".
16. The Daghlig Garabagh conflict was a well-organized and prepared in advance action to be implemented by the communist leaders of Armenia… "The leaders of the Karabakh movement reduced to zero the people's right to determine their own fate and even brought everything to separatism.
Fyodor Shellov-Koverdyayev- ex first deputy Foreign Minister, lawyer.
Armenians about themselves
1. Azerbaijanis accounted for 15.992 out of 18.766 people of Yerevan in 1883 and for 23.626 out of 27.246 people or 85.2% in 1866.
From the book of Armenian scientist Zaven Korkodyan "The population of Soviet Armenia in 1831-1931", 1932.
2. The real motherland of Armenians considered the Great Armenia situates out of the bounds of Russia in the Asia Minor according to some historical concepts. As for Armenians living in Daghlig Garabagh, one part of them was aboriginal and generated from ancient Albanians, practicing Christianity. Some of them ran away from Turkey and Iran to escape from persecution and found refuge in Azerbaijan.
B.Iskhanyan "The peoples of the Caucasus" Petrograd 1916, p. 18.
3. If not for the famous Turkmenchany agreement, Griboyedov and Abovyan, the newly established Armenian settlements that turned to modern villages and towns would never exist… Within the last ten years over 200 thousand Armenians were returned to their native lands (in the 1960-1970s).
Zori Balayan. "Bon -fire", p. 120, 192, 273.
4. Dashnaks with groups of volunteers around them terminated women, children, old people and invalids with a great cruelty on the Turkic lands overwhelmed with war.
A.Lalayan. on bloodshed of the 1918-1920 "The revolutionary East" magazine, No 2-3, 1936, Moscow.
5. After the situation calmed down I saw Shusha once again. There was nothing except for stones and clods in the Turkic quarters of the city. All the houses were burnt their dwellers killed. The same was with the Turkic quarters of Khankendi… Armenians supported by Englishmen occupied the biggest oil town Baku and killed 25 thousand people of the Turkic population.
From memoirs of Ohanes Apresyan. Leonard Ramsden Hartwill. "That is the nature of people.1918-1922's Events of Azerbaijan in memory of one Armenian". USA. Indianapolis, "Bobbs Meril Company", 1928.
6. "The dashnak agency of the Armenian government tries to annex Karabakh to Armenia. That means the depriving of Karabakh from the connection with Baku and its annexing to Yerevan which has nothing in common with this region. Armenian peasants carried out a decision to recognize Azerbaijan and to annex to it on the fifth session".
Anastas Mikoyan. From his letter to Lenin of 22.05.1919.
7. One of the causes of conflicts between Turks and Armenians is the cruel attitude of Armenian nationalists towards the humanism, care and patriotism of Turks and Azerbaijani people.
US Armenian writer L.S.Surmeliyan. from the book "Ladies and Gentlemen, my address is to you"