The Anti-Corruption Department with the Prosecutor General of the Republic of Azerbaijan (hereinafter the Directorate/ACD) was established on 03 March 2004, under the Decree of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan “On application of Anti-Corruption Act”. High degree of public danger posed by corruption offences, also obligation stemming from the Article 36 of the UN Convention against Corruption which implies that State Parties shall ensure in accordance with the fundamental principles of its legal system, the existence of a body or bodies or persons specialized in combating corruption through law enforcement, were factors leading to the establishment of Directorate.
On 28 October 2004, Regulations of the Anti-Corruption Directorate and headcount were approved by the Presidential Decree N138.
The structure of the Directorate was changed in 2011, since the rapid social-economic development of the country determined the establishment of new, prompt system for the fight against corruption.
Moreover, implementation of Twinning Project within the framework of Eastern Partnership Initiative of the European Union played an important role in improvement of the performance of the Anti-Corruption Directorate. At the same time, anti-corruption legislation and best practices of the United Kingdom, Austria, Spain, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and other countries has been learned.
The overall number of the Directorate staff was increased by 60, up to 100 persons, alongside with this number of technical staff was increased to 45 by the Presidential Decree dated March 11, 2011.
On 18 March 2011, necessary amendments to laws on “Detective-search activity” and on “General Prosecutor’s Office” were made and the Anti-Corruption Directorate was authorized to carry out operational and search activities. After those amendments Azerbaijan became the first country in the Commonwealth of Independent States which delegated a prosecutorial agency with such kind of powers.
By the Decree of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated April 8, 2011, Cabinet of Ministers was tasked to provide the Directorate with real-time access to the electronic databases of state agencies.
Alongside with this, the Directorate was vested with power to establish a Group of Specialists in order to analyze information regarding corruption offences and use experts during investigation of corruption crimes by making amenments the Statute of the Directorate by the mentioned Presidential Decree dated May 10, 2011.
By the Order of the Prosecutor General dated December 16, 2011, number 10/112 the “Regulations on the Anticorruption Directorate with the Prosecutor General of the Republic of Azerbaijan” was approved.
By making ammendments to the law “On General Prosecutor’s Office” and “On service in prosecutorial bodies” by the law dated February 14, 2014 and Presidential Decrees and Orders on implementation of these laws dated March 17, 2014, the name of the Anti-Corruption Department with the Prosecutor General of the Republic of Azerbaijan has been been changed to Anti-Corruption Directorate with the Prosecutor General of the Republic of Azerbaijan (hereinafter Anti-Corruption Directorate). As a result, the official status and functions of the Directorate considerably enlarged and it was included into the system of prosecutorial bodies.
Professional staff of the Anti-Corruption Directorate was increased from 100 to 140, through making amendments to the Decree of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan № 138, dated October 28, 2004, “On approval of the Charter of Anti-Corruption Directorate with the Prosecutor General of the Republic of Azerbaijan and general number of prosecutorial employees” by the Presidential Decree dated July 24, 2014.
On 09 January, 2015 new structure of the ACD and statutes of its structural units was adopted.